Colour, one of the principles of design considers contrast, proximity, balance and value. Inspiration for colour in design comes from nature, material source or the arrangement of colour schemes.

In furniture design, materiality affects the choice of colour. Furniture is typically made of wood, plastic, metal, fabric and other materials. Would can be left in its natural form and colour, painted or coated. Plastic comes in variety of colours, metal can be painted, coated or natural. he choice of colour depends on the concept of the design. The use of fabrics opens up to more diversity of colour, pattern and texture.

Colour can transform an object dependant on the choice so is an integral part of design.

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Materiality can serve as the defining principle of an object in furniture design or can be used for the functional & essential characteristics for the functionality and aesthetics of the design.

Materials are selected for their inherent qualities, raw or natural characteristics or their suitability to be manipulated to the function or purpose. These characteristics could be attributed to strength, weight, texture, opacity or aesthetic desirability suitable to the finish of the design.

The exploration of materials for designers serves as an opportunity to research and develop concepts, innovate and the  serves as the basis of the outcome. Through an experimental process materials can be manipulated to different shapes and forms. The exploration of materiality is an integral part of design.

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Form refers to objects that are three-dimensional in nature. A form has: height, width and depth. Two dimensional form has width and height. It can also create the illusion of three dimension objects.

Geometric forms are those which relate to named regular shapes, however designed form can be an irregular shape or form. Form defines an object within space or imply space. Our perception of a shape or form depends on the angle of view-point and the space around the form as a positive or negative space.

Colour, shape, texture and graduation can define the form of an object.

Ergonomics, function, aesthetics and emotional design are considered when approaching form in furniture design .

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